Palenque: Temple of the Foliated Cross [January 1, 2004]

Each of the temples in the Cross Group is dedicated to a specific god in the Palenque triad, and represents one of the paths to Xibalba [the Otherworld] which the king must take in order to bring back gifts of life and prosperity to his people.

God GII, the last born of the Palenque triad, is associated with the Temple of the Foliated Cross. He is always zoomorphic in aspect, and has been identified with the Maya names Tahil, Bolon Tzacab, and Kauil. GII is particularly associated with the ritual of bloodletting, the institution of kingship, and the summoning of the ancestors.