Americas Third World
How 6 million People Were killed in CIA
secret wars against third world countries
PRESS PLAY TO VIEW
John Stockwell, former CIA Station Chief in Angola in 1976,
working for then Director of the CIA, George Bush. He spent 13 years
in the agency. He gives a short history of CIA covert
operations. He is a very compelling speaker and the highest level
CIA officer to testify to the Congress about his actions. He
estimates that over 6 million people have died in CIA covert actions, and
this was in the late 1980's.
THE SECRET WARS OF THE CIA:
by John Stockwell
A lecture given in October, 1987
Part I - Part
John Stockwell is the highest-ranking CIA official ever to leave the
agency and go public. He ran a CIA intelligence-gathering post in Vietnam,
was the task-force commander of the CIA's secret war in Angola in 1975 and
1976, and was awarded the Medal of Merit before he resigned. Stockwell's
book In Search of Enemies, published by W.W. Norton 1978, is an
"I did 13 years in the CIA altogether. I sat on a subcommittee of the
NSC, so I was like a chief of staff, with the GS-18s (like 3-star
generals) Henry Kissinger, Bill Colby (the CIA director), the GS-18s and
the CIA, making the important decisions and my job was to put it all
together and make it happen and run it, an interesting place from which to
watch a covert action being done...
I testified for days before the
Congress, giving them chapter and verse, date and detail, proving specific
lies. They were asking if we had to do with S. Africa, that was fighting
in the country. In fact we were coordinating this operation so closely
that our airplanes, full of arms from the states, would meet their
airplanes in Kinshasa and they would take our arms into Angola to
distribute to our forces for us....
What I found with all of this
study is that the subject, the problem, if you will, for the world, for
the U.S. is much, much, much graver, astronomically graver, than just
Angola and Vietnam. I found that the Senate Church committee has reported,
in their study of covert actions, that the CIA ran several thousand covert
actions since 1961, and that the heyday of covert action was before 1961;
that we have run several hundred covert actions a year, and the CIA has
been in business for a total of 37 years.
What we're going to talk
about tonight is the United States national security syndrome. We're going
to talk about how and why the U.S. manipulates the press. We're going to
talk about how and why the U.S. is pouring money into El Salvador, and
preparing to invade Nicaragua; how all of this concerns us so directly.
I'm going to try to explain to you the other side of terrorism; that is,
the other side of what Secretary of State Shultz talks about. In doing
this, we'll talk about the Korean war, the Vietnam war, and the Central
Everything I'm going to talk to you about is
represented, one way or another, already in the public records. You can
dig it all out for yourselves, without coming to hear me if you so chose.
Books, based on information gotten out of the CIA under the freedom of
information act, testimony before the Congress, hearings before the Senate
Church committee, research by scholars, witness of people throughout the
world who have been to these target areas that we'll be talking about. I
want to emphasize that my own background is profoundly conservative. We
come from South Texas, East Texas....
I was conditioned by my
training, my marine corps training, and my background, to believe in
everything they were saying about the cold war, and I took the job with
great enthusiasm (in the CIA) to join the best and the brightest of the
CIA, of our foreign service, to go out into the world, to join the
struggle, to project American values and save the world for our brand of
democracy. And I believed this. I went out and worked hard....
I really got out of these 6 years in Africa was a sense ... that nothing
we were doing in fact defended U.S. national security interests very much.
We didn't have many national security interests in Bujumbura, Burundi, in
the heart of Africa. I concluded that I just couldn't see the
We were doing things it seemed because we were there,
because it was our function, we were bribing people, corrupting people,
and not protecting the U.S. in any visible way. I had a chance to go
drinking with this Larry Devlin, a famous CIA case officer who had
overthrown Patrice Lumumba, and had him killed in 1960, back in the Congo.
He was moving into the Africa division Chief. I talked to him in Addis
Ababa at length one night, and he was giving me an explanation - I was
telling him frankly, 'sir, you know, this stuff doesn't make any sense,
we're not saving anybody from anything, and we are corrupting people, and
everybody knows we're doing it, and that makes the U.S. look
And he said I was getting too big for my britches. He said,
`you're trying to think like the people in the NSC back in Washington who
have the big picture, who know what's going on in the world, who have all
the secret information, and the experience to digest it. If they decide we
should have someone in Bujumbura, Burundi, and that person should be you,
then you should do your job, and wait until you have more experience, and
you work your way up to that point, then you will understand national
security, and you can make the big decisions. Now, get to work, and stop,
you know, this philosophizing.'
And I said, `Aye-aye sir, sorry
sir, a bit out of line sir'. It's a very powerful argument, our presidents
use it on us. President Reagan has used it on the American people, saying,
`if you knew what I know about the situation in Central America, you would
understand why it's necessary for us to intervene.'
I went back to
Washington, however, and I found that others shared my concern. A formal
study was done in the State Department and published internally, highly
classified, called the Macomber [sp?] report, concluding that the CIA had
no business being in Africa for anything it was known to be doing, that
our presence there was not justified, there were no national security
interests that the CIA could address any better than the ambassador
himself. We didn't need to have bribery and corruption as a tool for doing
business in Africa at that time.
I went from ... a tour in
Washington to Vietnam. And there, my career, and my life, began to get a
little bit more serious. They assigned me a country. It was during the
cease-fire, '73 to '75. There was no cease-fire. Young men were being
slaughtered. I saw a slaughter. 300 young men that the South Vietnamese
army ambushed. Their bodies brought in and laid out in a lot next to my
compound. I was up-country in Tayninh. They were laid out next door, until
the families could come and claim them and take them away for
I thought about this. I had to work with the sadistic
police chief. When I reported that he liked to carve people with knives in
the CIA safe-house - when I reported this to my bosses, they said, `(1).
The post was too important to close down. (2). They weren't going to get
the man transferred or fired because that would make problems, political
problems, and he was very good at working with us in the operations he
worked on. (3). Therefore if I didn't have the stomach for the job, that
they could transfer me.'
But they hastened to point out, if I did
demonstrate a lack of `moral fiber' to handle working with the sadistic
police chief, that I wouldn't get another good job in the CIA, it would be
a mark against
So I kept the job, I closed the
safe-house down, I told my staff that I didn't approve of that kind of
activity, and I proceeded to work with him for the next 2 years,
pretending that I had reformed him, and he didn't do this sort of thing
anymore. The parallel is obvious with El Salvador today, where the CIA,
the state department, works with the death squads.
They don't meet
the death squads on the streets where they're actually chopping up people
or laying them down on the street and running trucks over their heads. The
CIA people in San Salvador meet the police chiefs, and the people who run
the death squads, and they do liaise with them, they meet them beside the
swimming pool of the villas. And it's a sophisticated, civilized kind of
relationship. And they talk about their children, who are going to school
at UCLA or Harvard and other schools, and they don't talk about the
horrors of what's being done. They pretend like it isn't true.
I ran into in addition to that was a corruption in the CIA and the
intelligence business that made me question very seriously what it was all
about, including what I was doing ... risking my life ... what I found was
that the CIA, us, the case officers, were not permitted to report about
the corruption in the South Vietnamese army....
Now, the corruption
was so bad, that the S. Vietnamese army was a skeleton army. Colonels
would let the troops go home if they would come in once a month and sign
the pay vouchers so the colonel could pocket the money. Then he could sell
half of the uniforms and boots and M-16's to the communist forces - that
was their major supply, just as it is in El Salvador today. He could use
half of the trucks to haul produce, half of the helicopters to haul
And the Army couldn't fight. And we lived with it, and we
saw it, and there was no doubt - everybody talked about it openly. We
could provide all kinds of proof, and they wouldn't let us report it. Now
this was a serious problem because the south was attacked in the winter of
1975, and it collapsed like a big vase hit by a sledgehammer. And the U.S.
was humiliated, and that was the dramatic end of our long involvement in
I had been designated as the task-force commander that
would run this secret war [in Angola in 1975 and 1976].... and what I
figured out was that in this job, I would sit on a sub-committee of the
National Security Council, this office that Larry Devlin has told me about
where they had access to all the information about Angola, about the whole
world, and I would finally understand national security. And I couldn't
resist the opportunity to know. I knew the CIA was not a worthwhile
organization, I had learned that the hard way. But the question was where
did the U.S. government fit into this thing, and I had a chance to see for
myself in the next big secret war....
I wanted to know if wise men
were making difficult decisions based on truly important, threatening
information, threatening to our national security interests. If that had
been the case, I still planned to get out of the CIA, but I would know
that the system, the invisible government, our national security complex,
was in fact justified and worth while. And so I took the job.... Suffice
it to say I wouldn't be standing in front of you tonight if I had found
these wise men making these tough decisions. What I found, quite frankly,
was fat old men sleeping through sub-committee meetings of the NSC in
which we were making decisions that were killing people in Africa. I mean
literally. Senior ambassador Ed Mulcahy... would go to sleep in nearly
every one of these meetings....
You can change the names in my book
[about Angola]  and you've got Nicaragua.... the basic structure, all
the way through including the mining of harbors, we addressed all of these
issues. The point is that the U.S. led the way at every step of the
escalation of the fighting. We said it was the Soviets and the Cubans that
were doing it. It was the U.S. that was escalating the fighting. There
would have been no war if we hadn't gone in first. We put arms in, they
put arms in. We put advisors in, they answered with advisors. We put in
Zairian para-commando battalions, they put in Cuban army troops. We
brought in the S. African army, they brought in the Cuban army.
they pushed us away. They blew us away because we were lying, we
were covering ourselves with lies, and they were telling the truth. And it
was not a war that we could fight. We didn't have interests there that
should have been defended that way.
There was never a study run
that evaluated the MPLA, FNLA and UNITA, the three movements in the
country, to decide which one was the better one. The assistant secretary
of state for African affairs, Nathaniel Davis, no bleeding-heart liberal
(he was known by some people in the business as the butcher of Santiago),
he said we should stay out of the conflict and work with whoever
eventually won, and that was obviously the MPLA. Our consul in Luanda, Tom
Killoran, vigorously argued that the MPLA was the best qualified to run
the country and the friendliest to the U.S.
We brushed these people
aside, forced Matt Davis to resign, and proceeded with our war. The MPLA
said they wanted to be our friends, they didn't want to be pushed into the
arms of the Soviet Union; they begged us not to fight them, they wanted to
work with us. We said they wanted a cheap victory, they wanted a
walk-over, they wanted to be un-opposed, that we wouldn't give them a
cheap victory, we would make them earn it, so to speak. And we did. 10,000
Africans died and they won the victory that they were winning
Now, the most significant thing that I got out of all of
this, in addition to the fact that our rationales were basically false,
was that we lied. To just about everybody involved. One third of my staff
in this task force that I put together in Washington, commanding this
global operation, pulling strings all over the world to focus pressure
onto Angola, and military activities into Angola, one third of my staff
was propagandists, who were working, in every way they could to create
this picture of Cubans raping Angolans, Cubans and Soviets introducing
arms into the conflict, Cubans and Russians trying to take over the
Our ambassador to the United Nations, Patrick Moynihan, he
read continuous statements of our position to the Security Council, the
general assembly, and the press conferences, saying the Russians and
Cubans were responsible for the conflict, and that we were staying out,
and that we deplored the militarization of the conflict.
statement he made was false. And every statement he made was originated in
the sub-committee of the NSC that I sat on as we managed this thing. The
state department press person read these position papers daily to the
press. We would write papers for him. Four paragraphs. We would call him
on the phone and say, `call us 10 minutes before you go on, the situation
could change overnight, we'll tell you which paragraph to read. And all
four paragraphs would be false. Nothing to do with the truth. Designed to
play on events, to create this impression of Soviet and Cuban aggression
in Angola. When they were in fact responding to our
And the CIA director was required by law to brief the
Congress. This CIA director Bill Colby - the same one that dumped our
people in Vietnam - he gave 36 briefings of the Congress, the oversight
committees, about what we were doing in Angola. And he lied. At 36 formal
briefings. And such lies are perjury, and it's a felony to lie to the
He lied about our relationship with South Africa. We were
working closely with the South African army, giving them our arms,
coordinating battles with them, giving them fuel for their tanks and
armored cars. He said we were staying well away from them. They were
concerned about these white mercenaries that were appearing in Angola, a
very sensitive issue, hiring whites to go into a black African country, to
help you impose your will on that black African country by killing the
blacks, a very sensitive issue. The Congress was concerned we might be
involved in that, and he assured them we had nothing to do with
We had in fact formed four little mercenary armies and
delivered them into Angola to do this dirty business for the CIA. And he
lied to them about that. They asked if we were putting arms into the
conflict, and he said no, and we were. They asked if we had advisors
inside the country, and he said `no, we had people going in to look at the
situation and coming back out'. We had 24 people sleeping inside the
country, training in the use of weapons, installing communications
systems, planning battles, and he said, we didn't have anybody inside the
In summary about Angola, without U.S. intervention, 10,000
people would be alive that were killed in the thing. The outcome might
have been peaceful, or at least much less bloody. The MPLA was winning
when we went in, and they went ahead and won, which was, according to our
consul, the best thing for the country.
At the end of this thing
the Cubans were entrenched in Angola, seen in the eyes of much of the
world as being the heroes that saved these people from the CIA and S.
African forces. We had allied the U.S. literally and in the eyes of the
world with the S. African army, and that's illegal, and it's impolitic. We
had hired white mercenaries and eventually been identified with them. And
that's illegal, and it's impolitic. And our lies had been visible lies. We
were caught out on those lies. And the world saw the U.S. as
After it was over, you have to ask yourself, was it justified? What did
the MPLA do after they had won? Were they lying when they said they wanted
to be our friends? 3 weeks after we were shut down... the MPLA had Gulf
oil back in Angola, pumping the Angolan oil from the oilfields, with U.S.
gulf technicians protected by Cuban soldiers, protecting them from CIA
mercenaries who were still mucking around in Northern Angola.
can't trust a communist, can you? They proceeded to buy five 737 jets from
Boeing Aircraft in Seattle. And they brought in 52 U.S. technicians to
install the radar systems to land and take-off those planes. They didn't
buy [the Soviet Union's] Aeroflot.... David Rockefeller himself tours S.
Africa and comes back and holds press conferences, in which he says that
we have no problem doing business with the so-called radical states of
I left the CIA, I decided that the American people
needed to know what we'd done in Angola, what we'd done in Vietnam. I
wrote my book. I was fortunate - I got it out. It was a best-seller. A lot
of people read it. I was able to take my story to the American people. Got
on 60 minutes, and lots and lots of other shows.
I testified to the
Congress and then I began my education in earnest, after having been
taught to fight communists all my life. I went to see what communists were
all about. I went to Cuba to see if they do in fact eat babies for
breakfast. And I found they don't. I went to Budapest, a country that even
national geographic admits is working nicely. I went to Jamaica to talk to
Michael Manley about his theories of social democracy.
I went to
Grenada and established a dialogue with Maurice Bishop and Bernard Cord
and Phyllis Cord, to see - these were all educated people, and experienced
people - and they had a theory, they had something they wanted to do, they
had rationales and explanations - and I went repeatedly to hear them. And
then of course I saw the U.S., the CIA mounting a covert action against
them, I saw us orchestrating our plan to invade the country. 19 days
before he was killed, I was in Grenada talking to Maurice Bishop about
these things, these indicators, the statements in the press by Ronald
Reagan, and he and I were both acknowledging that it was almost certain
that the U.S. would invade Grenada in the near future.
I read as
many books as I could find on the subject - book after book after book.
I've got several hundred books on the shelf over my desk on the subject of
U.S. national security interests. And by the way, I urge you to read. In
television you get capsules of news that someone else puts together what
they want you to hear about the news. In newspapers you get what the
editors select to put in the newspaper. If you want to know about the
world and understand, to educate yourself, you have to get out and dig,
dig up books and articles for yourself. Read, and find out for yourselves.
As you'll see, the issues are very, very important.
I also was able
to meet the players, the people who write, the people who have done
studies, people who are leading different situations. I went to Nicaragua
a total of 7 times. This was a major covert action. It lasted longer and
evolved to be bigger than what we did in Angola. It gave me a chance,
after running something from Washington, to go to a country that was under
attack, to talk to the leadership, to talk to the people, to look and see
what happens when you give white phosporous or grenades or bombs or
bullets to people, and they go inside a country, to go and talk to the
people, who have been shot, or hit, or blown up....
about 10 to 20 thousand covert actions [the CIA has performed since 1961].
What I found was that lots and lots of people have been killed in these
things.... Some of them are very, very bloody.
covert action of 1965, reported by Ralph McGehee, who was in that area
division, and had documents on his desk, in his custody about that
operation. He said that one of the documents concluded that this was a
model operation that should be copied elsewhere in the world. Not only did
it eliminate the effective communist party (Indonesian communist party),
it also eliminated the entire segment of the population that tended to
support the communist party - the ethnic Chinese, Indonesian Chinese. And
the CIA's report put the number of dead at 800,000 killed. And that was
one covert action. We're talking about 1 to 3 million people killed in
Two of these things have led us directly into bloody
wars. There was a covert action against China, destabilizing China, for
many, many years, with a propaganda campaign to work up a mood, a feeling
in this country, of the evils of communist China, and attacking them, as
we're doing in Nicaragua today, with an army that was being launched
against them to parachute in and boat in and destabilize the country. And
this led us directly into the Korean war.
officers worked over Vietnam for a total of 25 years, with greater and
greater involvement, massive propaganda, deceiving the American people
about what was happening. Panicking people in Vietnam to create migrations
to the south so they could photograph it and show how people were fleeing
communism. And on and on, until they got us into the Vietnam war, and
2,000,000 people were killed.
There is a mood, a sentiment in
Washington, by our leadership today, for the past 4 years, that a good
communist is a dead communist. If you're killing 1 to 3 million
communists, that's great. President Reagan has gone public and said he
would reduce the Soviet Union to a pile of ashes. The problem, though, is
that these people killed by our national security activities are not
communists. They're not Russians, they're not KGB. In the field we used to
play chess with the KGB officers, and have drinks with them. It was like
professional football players - we would knock heads on Sunday, maybe in
an operation, and then Tuesday you're at a banquet together drinking
toasts and talking.
The people that are dying in these things are
people of the third world. That's the common denominator that you come up
with. People of the third world. People that have the misfortune of being
born in the Metumba mountains of the Congo, in the jungles of Southeast
Asia, and now in the hills of northern Nicaragua. Far more Catholics than
communists, far more Buddhists than communists. Most of them couldn't give
you an intelligent definition of communism, or of
Central America has been a traditional target of U.S.
dominion. If you want to get an easy-read of the history of our
involvement in Central America, read Walter LaFeber's book, Inevitable
Revolutions.  We have dominated the area since 1820. We've had a policy
of dominion, of excluding other countries, other industrial powers from
Europe, from competing with us in the area.
Just to give you an
example of how complete this is, and how military this has been, between
1900 and W.W. II, we had 5,000 marines in Nicaragua for a total of 28
years. We invaded the Dominican Republic 4 times. Haiti, we occupied it
for 12 years. We put our troops into Cuba 4 times, Panama 6 times,
Guatemala once, plus a CIA covert action to overthrow the democratic
government there once. Honduras, 7 times. And by the way, we put 12,000
troops into the Soviet Union during that same period of time.
the 1930's there was public and international pressure about our marines
The next three leaders of Guatemala [after the CIA
installed the puppet, Colonel Armaz in a coup] died violent deaths, and
Amnesty International tells us that the governments we've supported in
power there since then, have killed 80,000 people. You can read about that
one in the book Bitter Fruit, by Schlesinger and Kinzer.  Kinzer's a
New York Times Journalist... or Jonathan Kwitny, the Wall Street Journal
reporter, his book Endless Enemies  - all discuss
However, the money, the millions and millions of dollars
we put into this program [helping Central America] inevitably went to the
rich, and not to the people of the countries involved. And while we were
doing this, while we were trying, at least saying we were trying, to
correct the problems of Central and Latin America, the CIA was doing its
thing, too. The CIA was in fact forming the police units that are today
the death squads in El Salvador. With the leaders on the CIA's payroll,
trained by the CIA and the United States.
We had the `public safety
program' going throughout Central and Latin America for 26 years, in which
we taught them to break up subversion by interrogating people.
Interrogation, including torture, the way the CIA taught it. Dan Metrione,
the famous exponent of these things, did 7 years in Brazil and 3 in
Uruguay, teaching interrogation, teaching torture. He was supposed to be
the master of the business, how to apply the right amount of pain, at just
the right times, in order to get the response you want from the
They developed a wire. They gave them crank generators,
with `U.S. AID' written on the side, so the people even knew where these
things came from. They developed a wire that was strong enough to carry
the current and fine enough to fit between the teeth, so you could put one
wire between the teeth and the other one in or around the genitals and you
could crank and submit the individual to the greatest amount of pain,
supposedly, that the human body can register.
Now how do you teach
torture? Dan Metrione: `I can teach you about torture, but sooner or later
you'll have to get involved. You'll have to lay on your hands and try it
.... All they [the guinea pigs, beggars from off the
streets] could do was lie there and scream. And when they would collapse,
they would bring in doctors and shoot them up with vitamin B and rest them
up for the next class. And when they would die, they would mutilate the
bodies and throw them out on the streets, to terrify the population so
they would be afraid of the police and the government.
And this is
what the CIA was teaching them to do. And one of the women who was in this
program for 2 years - tortured in Brazil for 2 years - she testified
internationally when she eventually got out. She said, `The most horrible
thing about it was in fact, that the people doing the torture were not
raving psychopaths.' She couldn't break mental contact with them the way
you could if they were psychopath. They were very ordinary
There's a lesson in all of this. And the lesson is that
it isn't only Gestapo maniacs, or KGB maniacs, that do inhuman things to
other people, it's people that do inhuman things to other people. And we
are responsible for doing these things, on a massive basis, to people of
the world today. And we do it in a way that gives us this plausible denial
to our own consciences; we create a CIA, a secret police, we give them a
vast budget, and we let them go and run these programs in our name, and we
pretend like we don't know it's going on, although the information is
there for us to know; and we pretend like it's ok because we're fighting
some vague communist threat. And we're just as responsible for these 1 to
3 million people we've slaughtered and for all the people we've tortured
and made miserable, as the Gestapo was the people that they've slaughtered
and killed. Genocide is genocide!
Now we're pouring money into El
Salvador. A billion dollars or so. And it's a documented fact that the...
14 families there that own 60% of the country are taking out between 2 to
5 billion dollars - it's called de-capitalization - and putting it in
banks in Miami and Switzerland. Mort Halper, in testifying to a committee
of the Congress, he suggested we could simplify the whole thing
politically just by investing our money directly in the Miami banks in
their names and just stay out of El Salvador altogether. And the people
would be better off.
Nicaragua. What's happening in Nicaragua today
is covert action. It's a classic de-stabilization program. In November 16,
1981, President Reagan allocated 19 million dollars to form an army, a
force of contras, they're called, ex-Somoza national guards, the monsters
who were doing the torture and terror in Nicaragua that made the
Nicaraguan people rise up and throw out the dictator, and throw out the
guard. We went back to create an army of these people. We are killing, and
killing, and terrorizing people. Not only in Nicaragua but the Congress
has leaked to the press - reported in the New York Times, that there are
50 covert actions going around the world today, CIA covert actions going
on around the world today.
You have to be asking yourself, why are
we destabilizing 50 corners of the troubled world? Why are we about to go
to war in Nicaragua, the Central American war? It is the function, I
suggest, of the CIA, with its 50 de-stabilization programs going around
the world today, to keep the world unstable, and to propagandize the
American people to hate, so we will let the establishment spend any amount
of money on arms....
The Victor Marquetti ruling of the Supreme
Court gave the government the right to prepublication censorship of books.
They challenged 360 items in his 360 page book. He fought it in court, and
eventually they deleted some 60 odd items in his book.
Snep ruling of the Supreme Court gave the government the right to sue a
government employee for damages. If s/he writes an unauthorized account of
the government - which means the people who are involved in corruption in
the government, who see it, who witness it, like Frank Snep did, like I
did - if they try to go public they can now be punished in civil court.
The government took $90,000 away from Frank Snep, his profits from his
book, and they've seized the
profits from my own
[Reagan passed] the Intelligence Identities Protection
act, which makes it a felony to write articles revealing the identities of
secret agents or to write about their activities in a way that would
reveal their identities. Now, what does this mean? In a debate in Congress
- this is very controversial - the supporters of this bill made it
clear.... If agents Smith and Jones came on this campus, in an
MK-ultra-type experiment, and blew your fiance's head away with LSD, it
would now be a felony to publish an article in your local paper saying,
`watch out for these 2 turkeys, they're federal agents and they blew my
loved one's head away with LSD'. It would not be a felony what they had
done because that's national security and none of them were ever punished
for those activities.
Efforts to muzzle government employees.
President Reagan has been banging away at this one ever since. Proposing
that every government employee, for the rest of his or her life, would
have to submit anything they wrote to 6 committees of the government for
censorship, for the rest of their lives. To keep the scandals from leaking
out... to keep the American people from knowing what the government is
Then it starts getting heavy. The `Pre-emptive
Strikes' bill. President Reagan, working through the Secretary of State
Shultz... almost 2 years ago, submitted the bill that would provide them
with the authority to strike at terrorists before terrorists can do their
terrorism. But this bill... provides that they would be able to do this in
this country as well as overseas. It provides that the secretary of state
would put together a list of people that he considers to be terrorist, or
terrorist supporters, or terrorist sympathizers. And if your name, or your
organization, is put on this list, they could kick down your door and haul
you away, or kill you, without any due process of the law and search
warrants and trial by jury, and all of that, with impunity.
there was a tremendous outcry on the part of jurists. The New York Times
columns and other newspapers saying, `this is no different from Hitler's
"night in fog" program', where the government had the authority to haul
people off at night. And they did so by the thousands. And President
Reagan and Secretary Shultz have persisted.... Shultz has said, `Yes, we
will have to take action on the basis of information that would never
stand up in a court. And yes, innocent people will have to be killed in
the process. But, we must have this law because of the threat of
Think a minute. What is `the threat of
international terrorism'? These things catch a lot of attention. But how
many Americans died in terrorist actions last year? According to Secretary
Shultz, 79. Now, obviously that's terrible but we killed 55,000 people on
our highways with drunken driving; we kill 2,500 people in far nastier,
bloodier, mutilating, gang-raping ways in Nicaragua last year alone
ourselves. Obviously 79 peoples' death is not enough reason to take away
the protection of American citizens, of due process of the law.
they're pressing for this. The special actions teams that will do the
pre-emptive striking have already been created, and trained in the defense
They're building detention centers. There were 8 kept
as mothballs under the McLaren act after World War II, to detain aliens
and dissidents in the next war, as was done in the next war, as was done
with the Japanese people during World War II. They're building 10 more,
and army camps, and the... executive memos about these things say it's for
aliens and dissidents in the next national emergency....
Federal Emergency Management Agency, headed by Loius Guiffrida, a friend
of Ed Meese's.... He's going about the country lobbying and demanding that
he be given authority, in the times of national emergency, to declare
martial law, and establish a curfew, and gun down people who violate the
curfew... in the United States.
And then there's Ed Meese, as I
said. The highest law enforcement officer in the land, President Reagan's
closest friend, going around telling us that the constitution never did
guarantee freedom of speech and press, and due process of the law, and
What they are planning for this society, and this is why
they're determined to take us into a war if we'll permit it... is the
Reagan revolution.... So he's getting himself some laws so when he puts
the troops in Nicaragua, he can take charge of the American people,
and put people in jail, and kick in their doors, and kill them if they
don't like what he's doing....
The question is, `Are we going to
permit our leaders to take away our freedoms because they have a charming
smile and they were nice movie stars one day, or are we going to stand up
and fight, and insist on our freedoms?' It's up to us - you and I can
watch this history play in the next year and 2 and 3 years.
 Reed Brody.
With the Contras.
 Dugger, Ronnie.
Reagan: The Man and the Presidency.
The Contras: Interviews with
 Kinzer, Stephan and
Bitter Fruit: The Untold Story of the American
 Godswood, Roy
Covert Actions: 35 Years of Deception.
 Kwitny, Jonathon.
Endless Enemies: America's
Worldwide War Against It's Own Best
Congdon and Weed,
 LaFeber, Walter.
Inevitable Revolutions; The
United States in Central America.
Deadly Deceits: My Twenty-Five Years in the CIA.
 Melman, Seymour.
The Permanent War
Simon and Shuster, 1974.
 Mills, C.
The Power Elite.
Book of Quotes.
In Search of Enemies.
Hidden History of the Korean War.
 The Americas Watch.
The Violations of War on Both
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